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2024考研英语:《经济学人》中英读译Day105

作者:聚创考研网-王老师 点击量:565 2023-06-05

英语阅读能力依靠什么?必然是词汇的积累,但,仅仅是词汇的积累是不够了,更应该了解英语句式,不同句型所表达意义。如何培养自己的阅读语感呢?那么就跟着聚创考研网小编每天学一点英语,一起为考研筑起坚实的地基。阅读是需要积累的,就像我们需要经常和人沟通才会促进我们的表达能力一样~小伙伴跟着小编一起,每天坚持打卡,培养英语阅读能力及语感,了解文章一些经典词汇的用法。


济学人:何时开始在室内花园里播种


February marks the halfway point of winter in the northern part of the world.With spring arriving soon, many people are dreaming of working in their gardens on warm, sunny days.Some gardeners like to start the growing season early.They can do this by growing plants from seed inside their home.It is important to know when to start growing your seeds indoors.The answer depends on where you live.Gardeners use the average last frost date in their area to help them know when to begin growing seeds.Frost is a thin layer of ice that forms on the ground when the air is cold.Some places have special groups that can provide such information.But there are also good online calculators that can tell you about frost dates, too.The small packets that seeds come in usually advise you to start seeds a given number of weeks before the last frost.The recommendation will differ depending on the seed type.After finding your start date, it is important to respect it.If you start too soon, plants likely will grow weak and struggle to do well.If you start too late, your harvest will be delayed.

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2月是北半球冬季的中期。春天马上就要到了,许多人都梦想着在温暖、阳光明媚的日子里在花园里劳作。一些园丁喜欢提早开始种植季节。他们可以通过在室内播种植物种子来做到这一点。知道何时开始在室内播种很重要。答案取决于你所在的位置。园丁利用他们所在地区的平均终霜日来帮助他们知道何时开始播种。霜是空气寒冷时在地面上形成的一层薄冰。有些地方有专门的组织可以提供这类信息。但也有一些好的在线计算工具可以告诉你霜冻日期。种子的小包装袋上通常会有说明书建议你在终霜日前多少周开始播种。根据种子类型的不同,给出的建议会有所不同。在找到了你的开始日期后,尊重它是很重要的。如果你开始得太早,植物很可能会长得比较弱,很难长好。如果你开始得太晚,你的收成就会延迟。


While you are waiting, find and prepare your growing containers.You can use things like recycled yogurt or egg containers.Each container should have a hole in the bottom for water to flow through.If you still have containers you used last year, make sure to disinfect them with a strong cleaning solution.Fill each container with a clean, moist, soilless seed-starting mix.Place one to four seeds in each cell, depending on the seed kind and size.Water the seeds as needed to keep the mix from drying out.Cover the seed containers tightly.Put them in a warm place out of direct sunlight.Heating mats placed under the trays will help the seeds develop more quickly.Be on the lookout for "damping off," a fungal disease that happens in cool, wet, dark areas.If you see a white layer on the soil's surface, remove it carefully and let the soil dry completely between watering again.One way to help avoid damping off is to direct the wind of a small fan toward the soil.The wind from the fan can help train young seedlings to withstand wind outside.The seedlings will become stronger as a result.

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在你等待的时候,找到并准备好你的种植容器。你可以使用诸如回收的酸奶或鸡蛋盒之类的东西。每个容器的底部都应该有一个孔,以让水排出。如果你还有去年用过的容器,一定要用强效清洁剂消毒。在每个容器中装满干净、潮湿、无土的种子起始混合物。根据种子的种类和大小,在每个容器中放置14粒种子。按需给种子浇水,以防止混合物变干。把种子容器盖紧。把它们放在温暖的地方,避免阳光直射。在托盘下面放置加热垫可以帮助种子生长得更快。要警惕立枯病,这是一种发生在阴凉、潮湿、阴暗区域的真菌疾病。如果你看到土壤表面有一层白色,小心地清除它,让土壤完全干燥后再浇水。避免立枯病的一种方法是用小风扇把风吹向土壤。风扇吹来的风可以帮助训练幼苗抵御室外的风。这样幼苗就会变得更强壮。


When seedlings first appear, remove the covering and put containers by a sunny window.You can also put them under special lighting devices called grow lamps for 14 hours a day.Costly lamps are not necessary.Ordinary lights will work.Keep the light source no more than 5 to 10 centimeters above the plants, changing its height as the seedlings grow.If several seedlings sprout in each container, cut the weakest at the soil line using small scissors.The aim is to keep only one strong-looking plant per container section.If you let more than one seedling remain, the roots may become mixed together.The young plants might not survive.A week before the last frost date, begin to "harden off" plants by placing them outside for longer periods of time each day.Place them in a shady area protected from wind.Leave them there for one hour and then bring them back inside.Repeat the next day, but leave them out for two hours.Continue adding one hour of outdoor time each day for one week.By the end of the week, your plants will be prepared to survive and grow in your garden outside.I'm Ashley Thompson.
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当幼苗第一次出苗时,去掉盖子,把容器放在阳光充足的窗户旁边。你也可以把它们放在一种叫做生长灯的特殊照明设备下,每天照14小时。不需要昂贵的灯。普通的灯就可以了。保持光源在植物上方510厘米,随着幼苗的生长而改变其高度。如果每个容器里有几株幼苗发芽,用小剪刀剪掉土壤线上最弱的幼苗。这样做的目的是在每个容器中只培育强壮的植株。如果你留下一株以上的幼苗,它们的根可能会缠在一起。这些幼苗可能就都无法存活了。在晚霜日的前一周,每天把植物放在室外更长时间,开始让它们更耐寒。把它们放在避风的阴凉处。把它们放在那里一个小时,然后把它们搬到屋里。第二天重复这一步骤,但要放两个小时。每天增加一小时的室外时间,持续一周。到周末,你的植物就准备好在室外的花园里生长了。阿什莉·汤普森为您播报。


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